Half-shaft machining process steps: 1. Material selec […]
Half-shaft machining process steps:
1. Material selection and cutting, while determining the machining allowance, which is convenient for subsequent processing operations.
2. The semi-axle is forged on an air hammer, and the cap is swung with a pendulum mill.
3. Shot peening the half shaft.
4. Carry out the straightening of the blank rod to ensure that the verticality is in the straightening. The first time is the blank straightening, and the second time is the straightening after heat treatment. The straightening after heat treatment must ensure that the runout is not greater than 0.08, 0.2 and 0.4. For rough straightening, the half shaft is supported by two fixed straightening roller devices. A transmission connecting device is matched with the two protrusions on the flange end of the half shaft and drives the half shaft to rotate, and the tailstock top bears against the half shaft. The indenter on the straightening machine drops, and the half shaft is straightened under the action of the roller and indenter. Straightening after heat treatment, the half shaft is supported on both ends of the clamp, the clamp can be easily moved from one end to the other, so that the indenter can load the small end of the drill at any higher part between the spline end and the flange end Center hole, large outer circle for rough turning.
5. The small end of the rough turning is processed by a hexagonal turret lathe or a copying lathe for rough turning and finishing.
6, car big hole
Flat end face is a key process to improve the productivity of the half-shaft production line. It is better to use the cut-in method to mill the end face.
7. Rough car big end, fine car big end, fine car small end.
8. Cold rolled spline
The rolling spline is positioned at the center holes at both ends, and the involute spline is rolled. The equipment required for rolling the spline is a spline rolling machine. The required measuring tools are micrometers and integrated spline gauges. In order to improve the production efficiency and fatigue strength of the half-shaft spline, the spline cold roll forming process has been widely used. This process is a chip-free cold forming process for power transmission parts and tooth workpieces.
This process greatly improves the accuracy of cold-formed tooth workpieces. During the rolling process, all relevant parameters are positioned and controlled, so a certain number of teeth and accurate tooth profile can be guaranteed. Take rolling as an example. Position a steel shaft at the starting position between two formed racks. The teeth at this end are shallow. Only the original shape of the spline is pressed on the workpiece. The two racks Move quickly in the opposite direction, drive the workpiece to rotate, and squeeze the metal on the surface of the workpiece step by step. At this time, you can clearly see the dents. At this time, the tooth-shaped part only needs to rotate for a few more weeks to ensure that the tooth-shaped geometry and accuracy required for quality control can be obtained.